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I know there is a plenty of XCM transfer cases:

  • RelayChain to ParaChain
  • ParaChain to RelayChain
  • ParaChain to ParaChain (Non-native token) with xTokens pallet
  • ParaChain to ParaChain (Non-native token) without xTokens pallet
  • ParaChain to ParaChain (Native token) with xTokens pallet
  • ParaChain to ParaChain (Native token) without xTokens pallet

I have searched for this information in Polkadot Docs, Substrate Docs, Kusama Docs and other Parachain Docs but I found nothing about calculating XCM fees.

I only found documentation about calculating XCM fees for Moonbeam chain, but it is actual only for Moonbeam chain, unfortunately.

How can I calculate XCM transfer fee for all cases and actual for all chains? Where can I read about it more?

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In fact, it is almost impossible to have an algorithm to calculate the XCM fees for all chains. This is because the calculation of XCM fees is related to the following points, and each chain may have different configurations.

  1. Weigher: Means of measuring the weight consumed by an XCM message locally.

It seems that most chains currently use FixedWeightBounds, but the UnitWeightCost used by each chain may be different.

  1. Trader: The means of purchasing weight credit for XCM execution.

Even on the same chain, different tokens may have different Trader because their values are different, they need different WeightToFee. For example, Acala does it this way.


However, I would like to write down the XCM fee calculation process at an abstract level here, so that we can do the calculation for different chains.

The calculation of XCM fees can be divided into two steps. The first step is to calculate the weight, and the second step is to calculate the fee with the weight.

  1. For the weight, most chains that use FixedWeightBounds

    (Note that instructions used in SetErrorHandler and SetAppendix also count towards the instruction count)

  2. Use WeightToFeeto calculate fee. There are two commonly used methods.


For @VitalyPeryatin's comment:

Where can I found what chains use FixedWeightBounds for the weight?

You could check the impl xcm_executor::Config code in the repo of the chain. For example, Darwinia config type Weigher = FixedWeightBounds.

What other types exists except FixedWeightBounds?

WeightInfoBounds, and Westend used it here. Note any struct which impl trait WeightBounds could be used here.

Where can I found Transact weight?

Transact is an instruction in XCM, if not used, the weight is 0, if used, it can be obtained from its parameters require_weight_at_most. (Just a reminder: This weight is not the actual weight required to execute the call, but an upper limit weight specified for call execution when sending XCM.)

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  • Where can I found what chains use FixedWeightBounds for the weight? What other types exists except FixedWeightBounds? Where can I found Transact weight? Feb 20, 2023 at 13:35
  • @VitalyPeryatin It was too long to reply to your comment, so I updated the answer
    – Guantong
    Feb 21, 2023 at 8:28

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