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Whenever I submit an extrinsic, there's a small transaction fee applied to the sender. Where does it go to?

1 Answer 1

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The transaction-fee pallet handles calculating and transferring the transaction fees. It supports a configurable output by implementing the OnUnbalanced trait.

For Polkadot and Kusama, 80% of the transaction fees go to the treasury, and 20% go to the block producer. This does not include tips, which are 100% sent to the block author.

That logic can be found here: https://github.com/paritytech/polkadot/blob/master/runtime/common/src/impls.rs#L38

pub struct DealWithFees<R>(sp_std::marker::PhantomData<R>);
impl<R> OnUnbalanced<NegativeImbalance<R>> for DealWithFees<R>
where
    R: pallet_balances::Config + pallet_treasury::Config + pallet_authorship::Config,
    pallet_treasury::Pallet<R>: OnUnbalanced<NegativeImbalance<R>>,
    <R as frame_system::Config>::AccountId: From<primitives::v1::AccountId>,
    <R as frame_system::Config>::AccountId: Into<primitives::v1::AccountId>,
    <R as frame_system::Config>::Event: From<pallet_balances::Event<R>>,
{
    fn on_unbalanceds<B>(mut fees_then_tips: impl Iterator<Item = NegativeImbalance<R>>) {
        if let Some(fees) = fees_then_tips.next() {
            // for fees, 80% to treasury, 20% to author
            let mut split = fees.ration(80, 20);
            if let Some(tips) = fees_then_tips.next() {
                // for tips, if any, 100% to author
                tips.merge_into(&mut split.1);
            }
            use pallet_treasury::Pallet as Treasury;
            <Treasury<R> as OnUnbalanced<_>>::on_unbalanced(split.0);
            <ToAuthor<R> as OnUnbalanced<_>>::on_unbalanced(split.1);
        }
    }
}

But, as with all things Substrate, you are welcome to configure this yourself to whatever behavior you want!

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